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Mange is caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei, a parasite that afflicts more than 200 species, including humans. The mites burrow into an animal's skin, where they dig tunnels and slurp naturally occurring liquids. Normally, this doesn't cause much more than some itching or irritation, but in extreme cases an infestation can lead to extensive hair loss and an immune response so strong it can kill the host animal. Black bears suffering from mange, a skin disease more typically associated with dogs, have become an increasingly common sight across Pennsylvania's woods since the 1990s. But now, officials say, the Keystone State seems to be the epicenter of an outbreak that scientists don't fully understand. With cases popping up in neighboring states such as New York, West Virginia, Maryland and Virginia, black-bear mange is becoming a mid-Atlantic regional issue, said Mark Ternent, a wildlife biologist and the Pennsylvania Game Commission's black-bear expert.

https://bangordailynews.com/2018/06/11/outdoors/black-bears-are-suffering-with-mange-in-mid-atlantic-states/
 
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